Grasslands Facts

The Five Kingdoms



Monera

Bacteria:
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Glomus intraradices
Rhizobium bacteria
Escherichia coli
Glomus intraradices

Rhizobium bacteria
Escherichia coli
Cyanobacteria:
Cyanobium parvum
Gloeothece palea

Geitlerinema thermale
Escherichia coli
Escherichia coli
Pseudomonas aeruginosa cells
Pseudomonas aeruginosa cells

Protista

Protozoans:
Gymamoebae -- Rhizopoda gymnamoebia
Vanella persistens
Alagae:
Agrestia cyphellata
Nitzschia amphibia


Nitzschia amphibia
Nitzschia amphibia
Vannella persistens
Vannella persistens

Fungi

Common Morels
Common Morels

Threadlike:
Fusarium oxysporum
Fusarium roseum
Fusarium episphaeria

Club:
Fairy Ring Mushroom -- Marasmius oreades
Waxcaps -- Hygrophorus penarius
Entoloma bloxamii
Entoloma Taxa
Sac:
Common Yeast -- Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Downy Mildew -- Peronospora destructor
Common Morel -- Morchella esculenta

Fairy Ring Mushroom
Fairy Ring Mushroom


Plantae

some Smooth Asters
some Smooth Asters

Fir Club Moss -- Lycopodium selago
Big Bluestem Grass -- Andropogon gerardii
Little Bluestem Grass -- Andropogon scoparius
New England Aster -- Aster novae-angliae
Broom Sedge -- Andropogon virginicus
Desnse Blazing Star -- Liatris spicata
Wild Lupine -- Lupinus perennis
Kalm's Brome Grass -- Bromus kalmii
Canada Wild Rye -- Elymus canadensis
Scribner's Panic Grass -- Panicum oligosanthes
Switchgrass -- Panicum virgatum
Indian Grass -- Sorghastrum nutans
Prairie Cord Grass -- Spartina pectinata
Sand Dropseed -- Sporobolus cryptandrus
Black Oatgrass -- Stipa avenacea
Milkweed/Pleurisy Root -- Asclepsias tuberosa
Showy Spurge (Flowering Spurge) -- Euphorbia corollata
Wild Bergamot -- Monarda fistulosa
Grey-headed Coneflower -- Ratibida pinnata
Ironweed -- Veronica missurica
Smooth Aster -- Aster laevis
Wild Bergamot
Wild Bergamot

Animalia

Eastern Cottontail -- Sylvagus floridanus
Red Fox -- Vulpes vulpes
Meadow Jumping Mouse -- Zapus hudsonii
American Kestral
American Kestral

Red-Tailed Hawk -- Buteo jamaicensis
Grasshopper Sparrow -- Ammodramus savannarum
Coyote -- Canis latrans
American Kestral -- Falco sparverius
Short-Eared Owl -- Asio flammeus
Barn Owl -- Tyto alba
Northern Bobwhite -- Colinus virginianus
Bobolink -- Dolichonyx oryzivorus
Eastern Meadowlark -- Sturnella magna
Eastern Bluebird -- Sialia sialis
Eastern Warbler -- Dendroica discolor
Vesper Sparrow -- Pooecetes gramineus
Lark Bunting -- Calamospiza melanocorys
Savannah Sparrow -- Peaaserculus sandwichensis
Grasshopper Sparrow -- Ammodramus savannarum
Henslow's Sparrow -- Ammodramus henslowii
Eastern Fox Snake -- Elaphe vulpine gloydi
Doesnt this Red-Legged Locust look like a bee?
Doesnt this Red-Legged Locust look like a bee?

Butler's Garter Snake -- Thamnophis butleri
Chinese Mantid (praying mantis species) -- Tenodera aridiflora
European Mantid (praying mantis species) -- Mantis religiosa
Red-Legged Locust -- Malanoplus femur-rubrum
American Bird Grasshopper -- Schistocerca americana
Monarch -- Danaus plexippus
Eastern Black Swallowtail -- Papilio polyxenes asterius
Mourning cloak -- Nymphalis antiopa
Great Spangled Fritillary -- Speyeria cybele
Swamp Milkweed Leaf Beetle -- Labidomera clivicollis
Red-Spotted Crab/ Goldenrod Spider -- Misumena vatia
Marble Orb Weaver -- Araneus marmoreus
Earthworm -- Lumbricus terrestris
Dung Beetle -- Scarabaeidae Deltochilum gibbosum
Black-Tailed Jackrabbit -- Lepus californicus
White-Tailed Jackrabbit -- Lepus townsendii
jackrabbit.jpg
Jackrabbits

Five Kingdoms Summary

The types of bacteria here range from Escherichia coli to the Cyanobacterium, Cyanobium parvum. Protozoans found here fall under the Protist Kingdom. Different types of fungi range from Waxcaps to Fairy Ring Mushrooms. The most common types of plants are usually some sort of grasses. The heights of these grasses range from shorter than 30 centimeters, to very tall in the African savannah. A huge variety of animals live in the grassland biome. Some animals, such as coyotes, red-tailed hawks, jackrabbits, red foxes, lizards, koalas, snakes, tigers, zebras, elephants, and many more, could be found in the different types of grasslands. The animals of the grasslands also adapt to the environment in many different ways. Because of the high grasses, some animals are able to hide in them to keep away from predators. The other larger animals, though, use other adaptations.

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