Taigan Facts Page


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A gorgeous Taiga Flower

The Taiga has a long, harsh winter and a cool, short summer. In the winter, the Taiga's temperatures can get as low as -65 degrees Farenheit. The highest its been known to get in the winter is about 30 degrees Fahrenheit. The Taiga has a subarctic climate.

The Five Kingdoms in the Taiga


KINGDOM MONERA

There are two types of Monera, both of which are found in the taiga. The first type of monera is bacteria, a prokaryotic microorganism. Soil bacteria, and beterotrophic bacteria, and nematodes are among the many bacteria in the taiga. The other type of Monera is Cynobacteria. A few varieties of Cynobacteria commonly found in this diverse biome are Pleurozium Schreberi, Calothrix, and Nostoc.


KINGDOM PROTISTA

Like Monera, there are two varieties of Protists, protozoans and algae. Scientists have found Testate Amoebae, Ixodes Persulcatus, and Sarcomastigophora in Taiga regions.


KINGDOM FUNGI
===There are three kinds of Fungi found in the Taiga. These are threadlike, club, and sac fungi. In the club fungi category, lichen are extremely common in this biome. For threadlike fungi, there is Saprolegnia declina. This is a water mold that causes disease. There is sac fungi called Leccinum versipelle. There is also a fairly common fungus called Honey Fungus, or Armillariella mellea.
KINGDOM PLANTAE

There are 2 main varieties of plants, vascular and nonvasular. Nonvascular plants consist of mosses and liverworts, while vascular plants consist of club mosses, ferns, horsetails, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Gymnosperms, plants with the seed are not enclosed in the ovary, in the taiga are Balsam Firs (Abies balsamea), Eastern Red Cedars (Juniperous virginiana), and black Spruce Trees. There are some ferns, horsetails, and angiosperms found in the Taiga, but they are uncommon.


KINGDOM ANIMALIA

The two main kinds of animals are invertebrates (no backbone) and vertebrates (backbone). Among invertebrates there are sponges, coelenterates, flatworms, roundworms, segmented worms, earthworms (Lumbricus terrestris), mollusks, arthropods like the jumping spider (Phidippus audas), echinoderms, and many kinds of insects(Class insecta). Among vertebrates there are jawless fish, cartilaginous fishes, bony fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds (Class Aves), and mammals. Common bony fishes in the taiga waters are Bass, Trout, and Salmon. There are amphibians in the taiga such as many varieties of frogs. Reptiles common in the taiga include turtles. A few birds (Class Aves) in the taiga are the long-eared owl (Asiotus), red-headed woodpecker (Melanerpes erythrocepphalus), Boreal chickadees, and Gray Jays. Just a few of the mammals that reside in the taiga are the bobcat (Lynx rufus), cottontail rabbit (Sylvilagous), many varieties of raccoon (Procyon lotor), black bear (Euarctos americanus), beaver (Castor canadensis), chipmunk (Eutamias), American moose (Alces americanus), Siberian tigers, and weasels. The most common animals of the Taiga are: American Black Bears, Bald Eagles, Bobcats, Wolverines, River Otters, Grey Wolves, Grizzly Bears, Canadian Lynx, Red Foxes, Long Eared Owls, and Snowshoe Rabbits.


Decomposers:

Common Soil Bacteria Nematodes

Sow Bug (Armidillidium vulgare)

Honey Fungus (Armillariella mellea)


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The coniferous forest producers

Producers:

Balsam Fir Eastern

Red Cedar

Black Spruce Tree

Aspen

Birch

Korean Pine

Green Alder

Lodgepole Pine

Fire snag

Wild Rose

Labrador Tea

Sedges

Eriacaceous Shrubs

Cottongrass

Various Berries

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cottontail rabbit
Herbivores

Cottontail Rabbit

Porcupine

Bass

Trout

Salmon

Mice

Moose

Caribou


Primary Carnivores (secondary consumers)

Owls

Wolverine

Red-headed Woodpecker

Boreal Chickadees



Secondary Carnivores (tertiary consumers)

Rough-legged Hawk

Least Weasel

Garter Snake

Omnivores

Black Bear

Grizzly Bear

Northern Bat





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Click here for Bibliography.

Click here for the Taiga Food Web.