The Taiga Biome Home Page

Website Created By Allisandra S, Leila V, and Kyrian W.

The Beautiful Taiga Landscape

–noun /ˈtaɪexternal image thinsp.pnggə, taɪˈgɑ/[tahy-guh, tahy-gah]
The Taiga is the coniferous evergreen forests of subarctic lands, covering vast areas of northern North America and Eurasia.

The taiga is undoubtedly the largest land biome in the world. It spreads from Northern Europe, most of Russia, and Siberia to parts of the United States and Canada. The largest taiga regions are located Canada, Russia, and Alaska. The taiga can also be found on the tops of mountains throughout Earth. The summers are short and cool. The winters are long, and extremely cold. In the North American taiga, a huge Northern forest stretches all across Canada and Alaska. In the Taiga, all five animal kingdoms exist. The animal kingdoms are Kingdom Monera, one-celled bacteria, Kingdom Protista, protozoans and algae, Kingdom Fungi, Kingdom Plantae, and Kingdom Animalia. Among large animals, Bears, Wolves, Moose, Beavers, porcupines, red squirrels, grouse, and owls inhabit the forests.

The green shown represents the taiga biome
The green shown represents the taiga biome

The Taiga Climate:
  • The taiga recieves about 12-33 inches of rainfall each year. The Taiga's precipitation mostly consists of rain, snow, and dew. the majority of precipitation falls in the summer.
  • In the winter temperatures range from -65 degrees Fahrenheit to 30 degrees farenheit, yet in some places, it will barely fall below freezing. Winters are 6-7 months long and days are short and dark.
  • In the summer temperatures range from 20 degrees to 70 degrees farenheit. The days are long (about 20 hours) and rainy. It may rise to 80 degrees farenheit during the day. The highest temperature recorded was 104 degrees farenheit.
  • The main seasons are summer and winter, the spring and autumn are nearly too short to be noticed. The Taiga has a short growing season, only growing very few things.
A Moose In The Taiga

The Five Kingdoms in the Taiga

  • In Kingdom Monera, Soil bacteria, and beterotrophic bacteria, and nematodes are among the many bacteria in the taiga. A few varieties of Cynobacteria commonly found in this diverse biome are Pleurozium Schreberi, Calothrix, and Nostoc. Bacteria and Cyanobacteria are all over the taiga.
  • In Kingdom Protist, Scientists have found Testate Amoebae and Ixodes Persulcatus, and Sarcomastigophora in Taiga regions. There are also zooplankton (Alona karua), Apicomplexans, and Colpodella. For algae there is a broad variety of species, including diatoms and green algae.
  • In Kingdom Fungi, lichen are extremely common in this biome. For threadlike fungi, there is Saprolegnia declina. This is a water mold that causes disease. There is sac fungi called Leccinum versipelle. There is also a fairly common fungus called Honey Fungus, or Armillariella mellea.
  • In Kingdom Plant, Gymnosperms, plants with the seed are not enclosed in the ovary, in the taiga are Balsam Firs , Eastern Red Cedars, and black Spruce Trees.
  • In Kingdom Animal, there are sponges, coelenterates, flatworms, roundworms, segmented worms, earthworms, mollusks, arthropods like the jumping spider, echinoderms, and many kinds of insects. Common bony fishes in the taiga waters are bass, trout, and salmon. There isn't a broad variety of fish because few can stand the cold temperatures. Just a few of the mammals that reside in the taiga are the bobcat, cottontail rabbit and black bear.

Taiga Flycatcher

Click here for Taiga Facts.

Click here for a Taiga Fiction story.

Click here for Bibliography.

Click here for the Taiga Food Web.